Critical Reasoning

Critical Reasoning

שאלות Critical Reasoning (הסקה ביקורתית בתרגום חופשי), בוחנות את היכולת שלכם להבין מבנים לוגיים כגון טענות, השערות היקשים ועוד. ישנם סוגים שונים של שאלות CR, אבל המבנה הכללי של השאלות הללו הוא כזה שבו מוצגת איזושהי טענה ואתם תצטרכו לנסות להחלישה, לחזקה או לזהות בה כשלים והנחות שגויות.

כל מבחן מכיל 10-12 שאלות Critical Reasoning.

דוגמה לשאלת Critical Reasoning בחלק המילולי של הג'ימאט:


Gesticulations, the hand motions that accompany a person's speech, are often involuntary and sometimes are produced entirely unwittingly when a person is involved in an emotional or heated conversation.  Clearly then, when drivers have a fit of road rage, step out of their cars, and shake their fists at one another or otherwise gesticulate, they are unaware of their body language.

Which of the following casts doubt on the argument?


A. When drivers are involved in an altercation, they are not necessarily in a deeply unsettled or highly emotional state, and instead are calmer than is often expected.


B. After most disputes on suburban streets, the two parties find a resolution without needing help from the authorities.


C. A neural pathway exists between the limbic cortex, the area of the brain that controls emotions, and the anterior and prefrontal cortex, the areas that control motor activity.


D. People commonly restrain the impulse to fully express themselves when the emotions arising from their current state are in any way negative.


E. Frequently, road rage puts people into a state of mind in which they do not feel they can fully express themselves verbally and must communicate nonverbally.



תשובות והסברים:


A. This is outside of the scope because the argument is concerned with people who are in a rage.


B. Whether or not the people can resolve the conflict independently does not reflect in any way on whether they are aware of their body language.


C. This answer strengthens the argument by suggesting that motor impulses and emotions are automatically linked in the brain and, thus, that emotions lead to gestures automatically, without a person's deciding to gesture.


D. This answer strengthens the argument by suggesting that gesticulation does not usually result from a person's decision to gesture, since people usually try to restrain themselves.


E. Correct:  This answer suggests that angry drivers often gesticulate not unwittingly, but on purpose because they can better express themselves in this way.


רוצים לתרגל עוד שאלות Critical Reasoning? לחצו כאן לתרגול חינמי של שאלות לדוגמה. כל השאלות מלוות בהסברים מפורטים ובסטטיסטיקות אישיות.

יש לכם שאלות? תהיות? מבחן ה-GMAT חשוב לעתידכם, אל תסתפקו בשיחה עם אנשי מכירות. אתם מוזמנים להתקשר ישירות לאחד מהמורים בצוות אופק GMAT או לחילופין להשאיר פרטים ואנו נחזור אליכם בהקדם.